How To Make Money With Kindle Publishing On Amazon In 2019

hey this is stefan from projectlifemastery.com and today i’m going to share with you how to make money with Kindle publishing on Amazon in 2018 and beyond and it’s been a while since I’ve done a video like this I know many of you’ve been asking me to do more videos on Kindle publishing and publishing books on Amazon and how to get started online and the reason why I wanted to put together this training for you guys is because I believe that for a lot of you that are watching this video right now that Kindle publishing is still one of the easiest and best ways for you to get started to build an online business and make money online with especially if you don’t have much tech skills like your relative newbie to online business internet marketing you’ve never done it before you’re starting from scratch this is a great business model to learn because it’s got a fairly fast learning curve compared to a lot of other businesses out there and then also it’s not as complex it’s a lot more simple and I’ll share with you guys a little bit more about that later it’s also great if you don’t have that much money to invest as well because I know many of you out there you don’t have that much money you’re looking to make money on the side and you don’t have that much money to start up and invest into your business great business for that and then also if you don’t have a lot of free time as I know many of you guys including myself when I started and have much money I didn’t have much I had some tech skills before I got started in this business but the time that I had available was just evenings and weekends and I know a lot of you are in that position and the reason why Kindle publishing is great is because you’re using a lot of leverage you’re leveraging Amazon the platform that has hundreds of millions of customers at your disposal to be able to publish your book on and be able to make money with once you understand their search engine their algorithms then you can tap into that and then also you’re leveraging yourself because you don’t have to write the books yourself you can if you want I’ve written many books myself before but if you want you can hire writers ghost writers to write the content for you and you can operate more as a publishing company where you’re the one that’s publishing the book that’s doing the marketing for it in the same way how you might also leverage yourself by hiring a graphic designer to design the cover for your book you can leverage a lot of those pieces and you can do it in a very inexpensive way so I’ll explain a lot of those things for you guys a little bit later on in this video many of you guys might know that I got started with Kindle publishing about 6 to 7 years ago a long time and I had done a lot of online business internet marketing and stuff before then but I didn’t really make much money doing it I was kind of largely dabbling around I was trying to be consistent with things and learn as much as I could and I made some money at different times sometimes I’d be go up other times they’d go down some times when last and it wasn’t until I got into Kindle publishing that I had my big break and it was the first time I ever made $100,000 in a year a six-figure income and for me that was a life-changing thing and you know throughout the last six or seven years I’ve gone through a lot of ups and downs of you know really immersed myself in this as a business model and then learned how I could remove myself from it by building a team that can run it for me you know so today I’m not as active as I once was in terms of publishing books but I also work with a lot of publishers and one on one and my coaching my events and whatnot and I’m pretty hands-on still in that sense of knowing exactly what works and what doesn’t work and also I think a big mistake a lot of people make and I made this as well is initially when I was building my my publishing business I was utilizing a lot of tactics a lot of gimmicks a lot of things that were just short term solutions and I’ve had many books that stopped selling ups and downs that went through the this business model and to this day I still make a lot of money from the books that I’ve published years ago but it’s because of the mindset and the strategy that I’m now implemented and utilized that works today and will continue to work in the future and that’s what I want to focus on today is sharing that with you guys how this business model works because if you’re gonna put in the time your money your effort your energy into anything a business especially you want to make sure it’s not just to make some short-term money it’s not something that’s gonna make you money for the next few months and then die off because for a lot of us rebuilding this so that you can build a sustainable income so that you can quit your job you can depend on it full-time or that you have money that you could pay some of your bills with you can be able to invest or save some of that money you know that’s why you’re building it so you want to build it the right way and that’s what I focus on teaching today that’s what I teach and some of my key money mastery course is the strategies that I teach there they you know they’re gonna work today they’re gonna work tomorrow they’re gonna work six months from now a year from now five years from now as long as Amazon still remains as the number one book retailer in the world last time I checked Amazon is growing like this Jeff Bezos is now you know the richest man in the world and you know books and and ebooks aren’t going away so when you understand the right strategy then that’s what’s gonna allow you to consistently make money long term and that’s what I want for you and it is more work of course but I don’t want you to think that this is any sort of get rich quick or anything like that because any business anything of value that you’re gonna build in your life is gonna require hard work time and patience okay but with that being said I mean you build it the right way this can be a transformational income stream for you and also mention to you know when I first got started into trying to make money online and build an online business I remember you know seeing videos and you know articles and blog posts and whatnot of people are making millions of dollars online and I remember seeing that I was like wow that’s awesome it’s amazing that that’s even possible but there’s a part of me that that was kind of like intimidating to me you know it was like still kind of outside of my realm of possibility and I always knew that long term you know a long term years from now that I wanted to be able to make six figures and seven figures but when I first started many many of you can probably relate to this I didn’t really care about that just yet you know I just wanted to make an extra couple hundred bucks a month a couple thousand bucks a month you know for me that would change my life you know my one of my original goals at the time that I worked hard towards achieving was to make three hundred dollars a month online and for me that might not seem like a lot to some of you but for me at the time it was because that money could pay for some of my bills you know at the time I was living my friend’s futon in his living room in his couch and I had to us pain like 500 bucks a month to him just to live there and it was embarrassing for me you know I was single I was dating and whatnot it had friends over and I did be in this living room and have a little curtain that can separate gonna give me self some privacy and you know that extra 300 bucks is motivating for me because that amount of money can allow me to at least move out and live on my own you know or it can allow me to pay for my cell phone bill or help me maybe have a little bit more fun or whatever that is or save more invest more in my life or even invest more back in my business maybe even hiring a virtual assistant that could free up even more of my time so publishing is a great model where it’s not it’s a hard model to scale beyond six figures although I’ve seen people even go to a million dollars a year publishing books but it’s fairly hard to do that because it’s you’re selling you’d have to sell a lot of books because the books that you’re selling with more low ticket products you know they’re less than ten dollars usually right but is still remains one of the best ways I think for a lot of people that just want to make a couple of extra hunt but come couple extra hundred bucks a month or even a couple thousand dollars a month and I’ll share with you guys how you can do that you know in this video okay so let’s just dive right into it I’m gonna draw things out for you and I’m gonna make this as simple as possible for you guys as well okay oftentimes complexity is the enemy of execution the more complex we make things the less likely we are to actually implement it and take action with it so I want to simplify things there are more advanced strategies that I teach as well but let’s just make it as simple as possible and really this is what how any business works for that matter for the most part anything that you want to sell online so the first thing you have here is product okay which is your book that you’re gonna publish and let me just talk a little bit about this and how it works with Kindle publishing on Amazon and by the way I should mention if you don’t know what a Kindle is I actually got one right here this is my Kindle paperback this is known as an e-reader that can allow you to be able to buy books from on Amazon you download it direct to this device you can read from it I love it I actually prefer this more than paperback books so this is a it was a huge market for this and you know it’s just a great basically the you know people when they buy your books on Amazon they can buy it from their eReader but they can also buy it and read it from their phone they can buy from their tablet the computer or whatever that might be is so you know people don’t have to have a book in their house they don’t have to you know you know pay for shipping or anything like that so Kindle is something that’s been growing year after year and it’s a great opportunity for us to be able to publish books on something like this so that people can download and read them and I personally whenever I’d buy from my Kindle from Amazon I’m always binge buying I’m buying more than you know a few books at a time usually so I’ve got hundreds of books here on this Kindle that I’ve still yet to read so largely when people are buying books they’re not necessarily reading them all and you know initially and less some will maybe talk about the address a little bit later too but that’s what a Kindle is you’re gonna publish a book okay an e-book that’s gonna be available for sale on Amazon that people could buy on their device or from their computer or whatever that might be is and the important things that matter when you’re publishing a book on Amazon is first the niche or market that you’re publishing the book in so oftentimes a lot of people a big mistake they make in their business or even with publishing is they think they have this amazing idea that they want to write a book or they have this amazing idea for a product that everybody would love it and they spent all this time creating it and then when they finally put it out there they find that it just does not sell you know it’s very hard for them to make money from it and oftentimes it’s because they did things in the wrong way often what I do I made that same mistake myself when I started until I realized that I first had to identify new research on the market of what’s selling on Amazon okay what people are searching for cuz Amazon it’s a search engine it’s one of the biggest search engine in the world people go there they’re gonna type in a keyword right they might type in weight loss or it might type in meditation or they might type in the law of attraction or motivation or whatever that might be is I might type in Bitcoin or cryptocurrency well search for that and you know that’s how often a lot of people are buying books not unless they know a specific title of what that book is or the author or whatever that might be is so with that being said as a publisher you can’t try to reinvent the wheel or create a new market from scratch you’ve got to identify what people are searching for what’s hot what’s selling what’s making money there’s ways that you can research that and see how well certain books are selling and how well they’re doing as well as even looking at the bigger picture because you’re gonna want to get started with your online business on Amazon but you want to be able to grow beyond Amazon and that’s often a mistake a lot of people make is they just think about Kindle and Amazon they’re not thinking about the niche the market they want to be in that can allow them to do affiliate marketing to create other streams of income and build a brand around it so doing this research first and foremost is the most important thing you got to find the demand what are people searching for what is a what is a problem that your book can solve because often times people buy especially non-fiction books of which is what we’ll focus on mainly here with nonfiction people buy them to solve a specific problem or to gain a certain Bennett fit the rafter and your book has to meet the needs and the demands of the market okay so doing the proper research is very important because you could publish a book in a niche or market that there’s no demand for it and I don’t care how great you think your book is it can be an amazing and book but if you’re trying to market and sell it but nobody really wants it then you’re gonna have a hard time and Amazon is a unique marketplace that there’s gonna be certain topics that we’re gonna sell a lot better than than others and that’s why the research is always very very important okay so doing research is very very important once you’ve identified the nation market you can publish your book in then you want to think about what you can you know create your book on so oftentimes the way that Amazon works is it’s a search engine like I said and you got to optimize your book for specific keywords so someone searches for that then they can find your book so knowing the keywords is very important once you’ve identified that you’re gonna create the title and just really think about how you’re gonna position that book in that market if you can differentiate yourself from the other books out there as well that’s gonna be an advantage for you differentiating your book your product is important and there’s many ways you can do that you could differentiate based on how you position the book in the market could differentiate based on having more pages in your book more quality a book excuse me better cover that stands out more maybe a better title that offers different benefits and it solves a better a different problem or better than anything else maybe has more tips or more information that other books might have it could even be through the marketing by having more reviews than other books out there maybe it’s offering a bonus maybe offer a bonus audio or video that can go along with your book that no one else is really doing that you’re giving more value to your customer your potential customer than anyone else is or you know maybe even you’re standing out because you’re building a brand in that niche and you’re building a relationship with people and your marketing in other ways outside of Amazon that no one else is really marketing the book so you have a huge competitive it you’ve got to think a little bit about that before you’re publishing a book the more time that you prep and prepare for that the more of an advantage that you’re going to have so you know the title very important and then as well as the quality of the book now when it comes to creating the book it’s something that you again you could write it yourself I’ve written many books that I’ve put out there before I’ve even now also had books created based on transcripts so I’ve done a lot of videos and even audios throughout my years and one strategy for creating books is I realize I’ve got a lot of great content that I’m sharing with people that I could then repackage and publish as books that can sell on Amazon and I get them transcribed and then have an editor that can kind of make it more readable for people and I could publish books that way another way that you can also do it is by hiring ghost writers so ghost writers are very common in the publishing world a lot of books that you might see out there that you might buy it might be a book by Elon Musk or from even Donald Trump they’re not actually sitting there and writing their own books they have ghost writers that are writing the books for them you could also even hire writers just to pay them to be able to to create a book on a specific topic for you they can do all the research for it they have the level of expertise that you might not be able to have and they can write a book for you that’s quality that’s gonna add value to people that you could then own the rights to and be able to publish on Amazon or do what you will with it in the same way how you might even hire a writer to you know write content for your blog right it’s the same sort of thing or you might hire a graphic designer to design a cover for you or images or banners for you or you might hire a web designer to design a website for you you’re basically paying them to create something for you then you own the rights to it so it’s a similar process that you can do and I mentioned quality is important your book has to be something that was someone reads it they’re gonna be better off for it and it’s gonna ideally yield a positive review that when someone consumes the book they enjoy they’re gonna leave positive review on Amazon and I believe that you know oftentimes I work with a lot of writers or publishers that can be a perfectionist I’m not sure if you can relate and I always kind of hate that word because the way that you actually perfect something is you do it you put it out there and then you get feedback on it and you consistently make it better and better and better that’s how you perfect something and I think a lot of people they wait to put something out there and I how different strategy is to help people avoid that so that they can get a product out there get feedback sell it make money and make it better as they go so I believe that quality is something that evolves over time just like this iPhone 10 here was not you know the original iPhone they have constantly made it better and better and better throughout the years and you should do that with any product any book that you might publish or put out there as well okay so it’s gotta be quality and this is something like I said you gonna publish you’re gonna self publish yourself on Amazon so once you have also mentioned the cover to which is important cover has to stand out when people see it they have to think I want that okay cover is very important that in terms of getting people’s attention because a lot of people don’t buy books based on the cover so that is something you can outsource you can outsource it inexpensively you can go to websites like Fiverr comm and hire someone to create a cover for you for five or ten dollars and you know I usually when I order something from Fiverr like a cover I’ll order from a few different sellers just so that I can get some variety you know I want to see I want to compare a few I might hire five different people and spend fifty bucks right and get five different covers and then I can kind of pick the one that I like the best and or I can even test them that’s a great thing about an e-book like this is that you can actually test different covers and you could publish one book what has one cover for a week or two and see how it sells and then you can republish it with a different cover and see if that makes a difference to the sales in any way there’s a lot of cool strategies like that that you can do when it’s an e-book versus a paperback book but once you have all this your ready to publish it and you’re gonna set up a Kindle direct publishing account KDP for short this is the platform that you can use it’s free you sign up for it and you put in the details like the title the description and the keywords the cover you upload the book file you make sure the book of course is formatted properly for Kindle and you set the price that you want to sell it at there’s different royalty options that Amazon has and then you publish the book and a great thing about this type of business is that it’s really relatively quick I mean once you hit the publish button your book will be live on Amazon available for sale within 24 to 48 hours so that’s pretty pretty remarkable compared to a lot of other businesses where I can take months just to be able to launch a product on Amazon or on a certain platform now this is just the basics of this and there’s obviously a lot more that can go to different strategies but again I want to simplify it okay these are the main things that you need now once you have your book and it’s published they’re on Amazon it’s available for sale and when someone buys it that’s money that you know your Amazon will pay you a royalty from that up to 70% royalty on that book and you can set it up so that money gets direct deposited into your bank account they pay out every every 30 1932 90 days but anyways once you have that it’s not enough just to have a book up there on Amazon you have to promote it you have to market it and this is what a lot of people forget they think that Amazon is just going to do everything for them and you can understand they will do a lot for you but it’s up to you to still promote and sell your book and if you get traction on Amazon that’s where you can get a huge compounding effect where Amazon will promote your book for you and they’ll rank it high up in their search results they’ll recommend the book to other customers of theirs and they can really take off and that’s how it can really blow up for you and you can really make a lot of money from it so as important as the book is the marketing is just as important if not more important so that’s the next piece here guys Marketing and this is what you really have to become a specialist in cuz this is what’s gonna allow you to really be able to make a significant amount of money online there’s a lot of books out there that are great books that nobody knows about nobody buys them because a lot of authors unfortunately are really bad marketers they’re very skilled at maybe writing but they have no idea how to market and that’s where you come in that’s why this is one of the most important skills that will allow you to make money but also this skill that you learn here is transferable to any other business that you’re gonna start and that’s why this is a great business model because the marketing skills you learn can help you make money with affiliate marketing can help you make money with physical product on Amazon can help you make money with drone courses products services whatever it is that you want to sell online so this is what you really have to learn so once you have your book okay and it’s optimized for a keyword it’s not gonna rank in Amazon and it’s not gonna really make you money no one’s gonna find it unless you market it okay now when it comes to marketing there’s a million ways that you can market online first way you’re gonna want to utilize is Amazon because your book is published on Amazon and Amazon there’s really two ways you can market your product on Amazon one is through Amazon search ok the search engine so that’s identifying the right keywords that you can rank your product for that also have high demand and when it comes to that of course you want to think about competition and whatnot certain keywords would be less competitive than others but for the most part you know if you do a good better job marketing in other ways you can outrank a lot of the competition fairly fairly easily because a lot of the books on Amazon they’re not really marketing outside of Amazon okay that’s why this gives you a huge advantage when you know how to market outside of Amazon so search is one way but that’s something that usually takes time to build up not unless you just pick a really amazing keyword without much competition which is fairly hard to deal next is PPC which is pay-per-click advertising that’s on Amazon’s platform they have sponsored ads so you can actually pay Amazon and have your Amazon listing your book show up on other people’s book listings or other parts of Amazon and even in the search and when someone clicks on the ad Amazon charges you for that but that’s a way that you can get some traffic some traffic to your Amazon listing to sell your book and get sales that way too so that does cost money it’s going to cut into your profit margins for it but it’s a great way even just to get a boost because the more sales that you get more sales velocity then then better your books gonna rank on Amazon in the search as well okay now with this this is what most people do okay everyone else is doing that so it’s fairly hard to stand out from everyone else if you’re just doing this like everyone else the way that you really blow up your Amazon business and build a sustainable business is you mark it outside of Amazon because that’s what Amazon wants Amazon wants you to go out there and build Amazon they want you to promote on Facebook on your blog on you know other ways out there so that you’re sending more customers to Amazon that Amazon didn’t have before and Amazon could build their business and if you can do that Amazon will reward you for that and they will rank you a lot better for that too and that’s how you turn it into a sustainable long term business because it’s not just based on Amazon because Amazon will fluctuate and Amazon will change things that will be outside of your control but if you diversify your streams of traffic you have an advantage it’s not going to matter as much when these little changes occur in rankings and whatnot so when it comes to marketing outside of Amazon of course there’s Facebook Facebook there’s many strategies there’s having a fan page in the niche that you’re in it could also be a Facebook group or it could even be ads you can run ads on Facebook and oftentimes when you’re running ads do pay per click advertising you usually want to build an email list first because the email list allows you to email the people that up that opt-in to be able to sell your book to them send more excuse me as well as build a relationship with people too so oftentimes a lot of people they might not buy from you initially when you run ads because they don’t know who you are right they have no idea who you are and it’s it’s just like dating or when you meet someone in person they don’t know who you are you can’t go for a close or a sale right away sometimes you’re gonna build that trust that relationship get to know them a little bit more you know send them more content and build that up and then it’s gonna be a lot easier for you to be able to sell I often think about when it comes to traffic there’s three different types there’s cold traffic warm traffic and hot traffic cold traffic is they don’t even know who you are warm is when they they now know who you are they they know your name they know a little bit about yourself and then hot is when they’re they’re really engaged with you there’s a high level of trust high level relationship and it’s gonna be a lot easier to sell or promote something when you have that relationship versus when they don’t know you at all so that’s why you want to build that relationship with people online that’s what’s gonna allow you to succeed long term because that’s something that it’s not easy to build up it does take time investing just like you know if you and I are friends we have to build a relationship to build that friendship we would have to invest in one another I have to invest spending time with you I got them investigating to know you having conversation with you and vice versa and through that friendship that relationship it builds trust and it’s the same thing online and by having an email list and even social media is building that relationship investing into it by creating content and sharing getting to know them etc that builds that trust that makes it so much easier to sell your products and that’s a huge advantage that you can have over everyone else so Facebook is powerful of course there’s Instagram there’s Twitter there’s you know LinkedIn there’s YouTube you know there’s a blog which is a great way of promoting because if you have a blog and you’re creating content you’re publishing on that blog and people you know can find it in the search engines because search engine optimization is really powerful if you can rank in Google then people consume the content they’re gonna want to have more from you you know they’re like wow this is a great article great blog post how can I get more from this person and then you have a book that’s for sale than a lot of people they can click through and be able to buy that book so SEO is very powerful blog and you know even press releases there’s there’s so many ways that you can market online and you know when it comes to building your business all you got to do is pick one or two first and learn it master it you know build up your Facebook fan page learn how Facebook works start creating content for it and then you’re gonna find while I’m creating content for Facebook I can also publish this on Instagram I can publish this on Twitter you know maybe I’m gonna have to start printing blog posts and articles and you just learn one or two things at a time you build it up and then eventually you can outsource it you can get someone to help you with that too and then that that way you know you’re building a brand you’re building a business you’re building something that’s going to attract people to you that you can then funnel and to sell your book or get people on your email list and build that relationship with them even further okay you definitely got to build a list email marketing is very powerful okay and there’s many many different ways so this here is what everyone should do and everyone is doing but this is what very few publishers are doing and the goal of this is to look at the bigger picture okay you’re gonna start by publishing a book and once you start making money with it you can publish more than one book a few books if you want scale that up but really what’s going to make this into a larger business and something that’s the most scalable is doing all of this here and looking at this as just a small piece of the big picture that big picture is building a brand okay building a brand and the brand’s when you would do this there’s many other ways you can make money from this this is just one aspect of it but your brand can allow you to do affiliate marketing which is when you promote other people’s products and you earn a commission from it because if you build your email list you can you know you’ve got a relationship with people you can also promote other products or books to your blog your YouTube your Twitter Instagram Facebook etc and that will serve your audience so it’ll benefit them and you can earn a commission if they buy that from you you could even create your own courses if you want you can even create a physical product that you can sell on Amazon through Amazon FBA or Shopify or even drop shipping right there’s many different ways you can do it you know maybe you want to have your own events maybe coaching maybe services if you want to have ads that are being run that you can you know use to promote with many different ways of doing it and that’s what I’ve been able to build with project life mastery because when I first started I published some self development books on Amazon made money from it but then I expanded I built project life mastery the brand and I started building all of this okay that allowed me to then promote my book but also promote my brands and then also promote products that I benefited from that I wanted to share that I was passionate about — eventually creating my own courses — selling physical products — doing everything that you see here and when you build that you’re leveraging everything to fit with one another and it’s because I built everything together as one business rather than separate businesses and that’s a big mistake that I see a lot of people make they’re trying to build all these separate books and different niches and different directions instead of aligning all that to build towards one goal okay so that’s the key that’s the strategy that will work long-term okay is actually you know marketing and all these different you have a diversified story about what I call a Parthenon of different pillars that are supporting your business so it’s not like a one legged stool that falls over when one change occurs this is what can allow you to make long-term income and many different income streams as well from that too and that’s why Kindle publishing can be like the Gateway it’s like the gateway business that can lead into a lot of other businesses as well and you know I know a lot of people even myself I was kind of doing project life mastery affiliate marketing while I was also doing my books too so I kind of did both together and you can do that they fit together in a great way because you know the more you build up your brand you can more you can also funnel that into your books and then also the books that you have you’re getting traffic from that that you can use to build your email list to make money with affiliate marketing so great way to make money online if you guys want to learn more the book Kindle publishing the how-to of this then check out my K money mastery course at K money mastery com I’ll have a link below this video for you guys to click on and then also you know if you want to learn more about different online business models then I’ve got a free course that goes more into publishing as well as different ones out there too and you know the business model that you start with is gonna depend on a lot of factors how much money you have to get started how much time you have how quickly you want to see money coming back to your business how much patience that you have maybe you know what your passion is and what your skills are that you might already have you already have experience there might be different business models for you to pursue as well so I’ll link below to my course of a free course as well that you guys can learn a little bit more about that too so listen I want to thank you guys so much for watching today hopefully this was helpful for you if you guys want to see more videos like this on publishing on Amazon let me know your guys’s feedback means a lot and you know just giving me ideas on different topics so you want me to do videos on is helpful for me as well but if you guys enjoyed this hit the thumbs up leave a comment below subscribe to more videos like this check out K money mastery and I’ll talk to you guys again soon take care you

Top 3 Best Free Online Photo Editors (2019 websites)

hello everyone and Merry Christmas if you celebrate that in this video I have done a lot of research throughout the years and put together a list of the best free photo editing software’s that are online and free this means you can just go to the website and start editing immediately that’s quite convenient right so stay tuned now I know I know it can be quite hard to find the perfect free online photo editor for your needs there are loads of fun rate that that’s out there photo Rabbid pycelle peace bees at pump I don’t know about that one but that’s why I’ve put together this list now on a third planes we have by Peggy calm IP is quite smart essentially you just go to the website press edit the photo and then open it then you will see on the left hand side a ton of features you can apply I especially like the sharpness option which is quite useful in one example YouTube thumbnails almost what is quite special about IP is that it has a lot of Bay’s related features like red eye removal changing the eye colour and a lot of other features now what is also quite special about this one compared to a lot of the other online free photo editors is that this one actually has a layer section which means you can overlay images over I recommend this or a free photo editor for the average user who just award almost all the needed features in a nice compact layout and user interface next up is be funky duck tongue and that’s a funky name right be find it I can’t zip great free online photo essentially just go to their website press get started then open the image you want to edit now one thing I really enjoy about beautiful guitar tom is that it’s so user-friendly and the design is so great it really just is an enjoyable experience using this online photo editor the funky pretty much has all the features you could ever need it even supports Layla’s so basically just go ahead and present computer at the image you want to add pret add as layer and down there in the bottom you will see that the different layers has been added and you’ll be able to the stitching them crop them to do whatever you want then basically though overall I really recommend a be funky it is easy to use and especially if you are someone of an artsy person it’s great for you and it is so user-friendly but it is not as good as the number one spot next up or the first place we do have payslip calm I’m not entirely sure how to pronounce it but doesn’t matter because this fold up invert is quite amazing it is online and free and it offers the kind of functionality you would find in far away as it is like Photoshop you can do pretty much whatever you want and why not being able to make like 3d text which is possible in Photoshop it actually does have a lot of advanced features now although I wouldn’t recommend Pixlr if you have actual experience with about enemies if you don’t then actually Pixlr has alternative like Pixlr Express which is a bit outdated though and Pixlr are which is very simple to use and has a lot of neat features now I really hope that this list has helped you help but I do want to mention something if you use google photos then google photos actually has a built-in photo editor if we just want an adequate filter maybe rotate the image or something this is the way to go now thank you so much for watching if you enjoyed this video then maybe consider leaving a like down below and maybe even consider subscribing is all up to you but other than that thank you so much for watching and peace out [Music] you

Introduction to MSc Thesis Writing at DTU Civil Engineering

I said 1203 but we’ll sneak in a couple player minutes early welcome to this information event for about writing master’s thesis for those of you don’t who don’t know who I am I’m good on demos I’m the head of studies for civil engineering along with me I have Keystone runner who’s the head of studies for building the soil you know architectural engineering and we also have our study administrator Mariana Golda who I hope you know who is because she is actually the one that can help you with a lot of things that you ask Christian and me about so she sits at the first floor of building 118 and a lot a lot of the questions that you have on basic questions she’s actually the one that knows that better than Christian and me because she is also in more close contact with us with regards to those nitty gritty details of the running and operations on your daily studies but what we’re here for today is that I’m gonna give a presentation about research and project writing there’s going to be some general information about writing techniques how research techniques and then there’s also going to be some practical information about the details of registrated thing running and doing the project finishing the project and so on so forth some of the constraints that is associated with that we are recording this so that and the slides will be available afterwards so that you can benefit from that hopefully later on so what is writing a thesis well as this clever guy said the only difference between science and screwing around is writing it down so you’ll have to write you’ll have to possibly screw around a bit but also at some point it’s the writing of the thesis that matters and it’s their thesis that you’re gonna be evaluated on and that’s a very key thing is that which we’ll get back to but it is the document that decides so if you’re doing overwhelmingly amount of work in the lab and don’t find time to write it that’s not what external reviewer can see so you know defend your time and make it make sure that all your work is written down so if we start and imagine the circle that contains all of human knowledge at some point you have a little information you grow up finish high school you get some more you get a bachelor’s degree which most of you have here unless you’re about to start the masters next year you get some more specialized information your studies will give you more and more you take technological specialization you get very more and more focus and then you get into reading research papers and you’re at the edge of the boundary you read a paper that was published in April 2015 and somebody is really just at the edge and then your job is to then focus in push and work and make a dent in that you have to come up with something that is new something that people have not done before and that is a result you need to have a result because without the thesis and without the result a thesis becomes very difficult to write and for you this is what it looks like you talk to all of your friends boyfriend/girlfriend family members all know that you’re writing a thesis and it’s the whole world but it’s also in important to keep in mind that there’s a lot of other things going on and that your we’re only a mere little part of this whole existence of knowledge all of this is based on on mat mites he did a you know the PhD school and in the end what we want to do is to knowledge to save lives or knowledge to improve society in his case he’s doing some medical research and he’s hoping that that may help to cure if not his own son but some people with the same condition so we are you know doing something to make a difference also for others you know it seems very much ourselves when you’re writing the thesis but it should also benefit others so what is research in the broadest term we do research whenever we gather information to answer a question that’s of the problem so if you turn it around there has to be a problem we have to identify a problem first because otherwise it’s going to be very very difficult to write something and to come up with a conclusion and it has to be original do I mean by original I like this clip I make a noise or I do something that no one has ever done before and then I can feel unique you got even if it’s only for like a second so no one’s ever done that no not this bad no you just witness a completely original moment human history it’s refreshing you subscribe oh no no no come on no I thought I think that was good enough the balls come on what are you shy this is your one opportunity to do something that no one has ever done before and then no one will happen again threat you can exist in and and if nothing else you’ll be remembered as it’s the one guy who ever did this it’s one thing you gotta go bury this hamster for the dog Dido so there’s a you know a few important things with that is that original has to be define you know you have to check whether somebody has done it before you have to check it carefully and it also has to be like she says you know in our context it doesn’t have to be just somebody has not done this in this spot it has to be worldwide new and also as opposed to to the guy we need to try to take some chances of exposing ourselves because if we do they’re very simple thing we may do it very perfectly but in the end the grade will probably reflect that just like in gymnastics if you do a very low difficulty element you will not be rewarded the highest grade you cannot get 12 for saying that you walk back and forth here and measured something very very simple it has to be something of more complexity so what I say here with this drawing is ah you know you’re here in your little DTU ship or a sailing boat and instead you know you can of course there’s a boat on a road there’s some challenges in that but don’t take the paved road off by McDonald’s and and you know take your easy meal and and and get to the goal try to sail into you know through inspiration and engagement some curiosity and skeptical things challenges some revolution take the path and then get to the gold at the end and there’s also an option here that may seem to lure you in and that is the you know oh this narrow road that leads to the gold but one of the things with that is that avoid the narrow road that appears very direct because it may have very single failure modes and that has to do with oh yeah well if I only do this experiment that nobody’s done before and maybe hundreds have tried but I’ll do it correct and in five months even though people with a PhD and 20 years of experience couldn’t do it you know then you have a single mode of failure maybe there’s something that you have overlooked that will stop you and then you don’t have anything to fall back on because it’s the process that also gathers up information for your results and your writing so when you’re planning your project you need to find a topic that’s enough to let after a reasonable amount of information in the time you have don’t go too wide or too little question that topic and refine questions that catch your interest the term in the kind of nco readers will expect you to offer in support of your answer and determine whether you can find those data there’s no point in starting research on a topic until you know that you have a good chance of fighting the data on it there’s a lot of things that would be great to do but again if it’s too complex or too difficult it’s better probably to say no before you get going and also don’t do something that only intrigues you it has to be interesting for others so you need to do a problem identification and and here I’m very specific it’s not a problem formulation if you formulate the problem we can probably just sit down and formulate a lot of problems today but to identify a problem can take a long time because it requires reading literature and seeing that is actually a real problem so I you know what are you writing about what do you not know about it and what you want your reader to know and care about so it has to be very specific so that you know kind of what would be the great plot to have in the end where do you want to go then under as you go along there may be things call me a new information coming in and you have to change it but you should have some kind of ID or what would be the great plot if I get this plot or if I get this result then my thesis will be good and then you do all the work to get there so and you also have to distinguish between a practical problem and a research problem you know too many researchers at all levels too many researchers at all levels right as if their only task is to answer a question that interests them alone so you have a practical problem that should more you know if you write for a company they may have a practical problem or it may be some some other things but that should motivate a research question so that you can define a research problem and then you can get their research answer and the research answer should be enable you to then solve the practical problem and solving a problem for a company is not necessarily a research it could quite often be just their development so you have to keep in mind that you’re not writing for the company you’re writing your thesis for your degree at DTU and to be specific what’s the difference here you know because there’s a new indifference because if you solve a practical problem you will get an answer and you can get a lot of answers but if they may be very very specific specific and may not be so useful for other people in the long run engineering company often answers problem because they’re asked for specific problems by a customer and that’s what they do but when we do research can be used to answers many future practical questions provided that the problem has been properly identified and the plots have been correct and have the correct parameters on the x axis and the y axis what do i mean by that well if we look at something very carefully we have to look at it from many angles and an over longer time and possibly then you know because answer would be some asking for you know an equivalence ratio of three and a speed of 100 what happens and they go to this but what if they then ask for something here so instead of if we have done the research we can give them a fairly good estimate right away instead of setting out to find that particular point that is missing so if we point a graph that is also some way of doing a sensitivity analysis to see how the trend is and to make predictions so when we get to when you’ve done and get nervous alts you’re gonna write a report and you have a new interesting information and you have an important practical problem and you have answered important question and the report structure people always ask about the templates to me a template for a thesis is extremely extremely easy it is an abstract you know it’s a front page you have an abstract then there’s an introduction that’s chapter one chapter two is experimental setup or numerical method data collection scheme theoretical derivations and number three which is big is results and that’s where you need to start you know along with with this but if you had don’t have the results all of these other things that are before and after gonna be extremely difficult to write and balance off and then you go have discussions and perspectives and a conclusion and possibly some future work and references chapter one two three four five that’s a very standard and will always work and then you have references and here it’s important to look at citations to get the most current papers citations means people who have referred to that article so if you have a paper from 1982 it may have a lot of citations which will bring you forward in time because if you just look at the references that will bring you further and further back in time until you get back to in the 1700s if you do really thorough research or somebody has done work on it for so long but try also to look at the citation so you get up to what is happening in April April and May 2015 to stay current when you do write there are some key writing tips one is topic sentence a topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph and the toya and there’s a link here and that topic sentence should inform the reader you know in a direct way what is this paragraph about if I want a speed read I could read the further I should be able to read the first sentence and silver see okay this paragraph this is key I have this information this otherwise if you take them all you know if if you have seven different things in one paragraph it may also be very difficult to follow your logic use transition words you know as a result therefore consequently you know to drive the logic of your writing both within the paragraph but also between paragraphs there should be no surprises in the text you’re not writing a crime novel tell everybody on in the first page you know which or second page which this the abstract who the who was the murderer there’s no point in hiding it they are interested in knowing exactly what you did and what you find the report goes in detail to explain them that but the abstract is where they want to figure out whether they want to read more so tell them who killed whom you know was it the professor in the billiard room with a pistol if you played clue arrow or clue and think of who your audience is and it’s not your supervisor it’s not just the external reader it’s a more general audience of somebody at your level with some previous knowledge on the thing if you go too much in detail too simplistic you’ll bore people you may even offend people because they’re like why am I reading this do they think I don’t know this this is you know do they think I’m stupid so that and if it’s too difficult people will not be able to follow and then does not appreciate what you’ve done and on on simple things also get the units and the format right and and and use a formulas here is something from NIST a link on how you units and and writing them in the text and displaying it create clear figures and figures with a caption this is a figure caption this is the text that goes with it and every figure should be introduced in the text so if you get to it I happened for a student of my reason this oh I feel that I don’t really properly introduce all of my figures in the text and as I well possibly you have too many figures because they’re not becoming relevant they’re becoming irrelevant for the logic in the text so if you have just figures there because you have them you can put them in in appendix or maybe you can combine them to a master plot that makes them relevant and it should be a number but it is also a text so if people again want a speed read they could look at the figure and get the information just by looking at the figures so when it comes to words of wisdom and followed by some practical information this is all and some of the previous is also by a book craft or research in a very small print from Amazon it may be worthwhile about ten dollars it costs I and don’t quote me on this but sometimes you can find this type of PDFs if you google closely I don’t know you know words of wisdoms from people that are written before you will struggle with your project if you do not know what readers look for in a final report go into archives look at previous reports what do they look like was a good report ask some friends you have you have a previous report ask your supervisor do you have a report from a previous student that I can look at and you should not think you should think of your project not a solitary work but as conversation with sources whose work you read and with those who will in turn read your work so that is referencing and putting it in context and no place is filled with imagine more imaginary voices than a library or lab ie don’t dig a hole and be just yourself discuss with your friends discuss with your supervisor ask librarians for help bring in you know friends even if they’re you know if your friend is writing in it a TTU compute you will most likely have some similar of type of obstacles and experiences so you can share a cross it doesn’t have to be topic specific but don’t think that oh I’m the only one in this situation and then sometimes new data alone are enough to interest the write readers but if you hope to write something that is really good it’s not you know very few can just have this is the plot and I write forth pages and that’s golden that could happen if you had some result that was noble price worthy unfortunately for civil engineering the number of Nobel Prizes are very low in our field so so it has to be elaborated on and so don’t think that one single result will solve all of it and if a writer asked no specific question worth asking he/she cannot offer a specific answer worth supporting so again you have to have the story straight and identify the problem you cannot use specific IDs that is plagiarism but what you can do is you can always again look for inspiration in papers and assimilate to their logic people’s logic and the way things have been done you know my research method can always be copied as long as you get new results and it’s very smart to look at what others have done because then you again secure yourself against a single failure mode because you have something that people have done I think it’s known to work whether it’s experiments or numerical methods and it’s not research when you uncritically summarize another person’s work so again try to move on from this classic learning we had in in grammar school about summarize a novel or summarize some work to referencing at the Masters level you’re supposed to reference you’re supposed to be aware of Waters alders have done and put yourself in context to that and refer to it instead of reiterate what they have done it can be a very short sentence Peterson and his co-workers showed that the beam will fail at such-and-such loading parentheses a number and that supports your argument however my result shows and then you have an argument going you don’t have to write or paraphrase their whole paper and use their figures to get there just say it’s been done the interested reader can go and find it themselves and beginners typically offer too little evidence they think they prove a claim with one question a one quotation one number or one personal experience and that’s the one very important thing an example is not evidence even though journalists think so it’s very you know we have to think of in in a journalists view point of view they call up an expert and they Eve if the person is not even an expert they’ll name them to come an expert so that they can do their job easily and say oh I found an expert who says this and then they say yep that’s that solved and then everybody reads it and it can take a long time to to clean that up for us we need more than just an example or more than just somebody statement because that could be completely causal instead of supported information you also have to manage the unavoidable problem of inexperience for most of you it’s going to be the first and only time you write a master thesis except that you know that’s just the way it is and you all be anxious when you start and its new and it’s difficult but know that uncertainty and anxiety are natural and inevitable those feelings do no signal incompetence only in experience something we’ve not done before is new and it’s not necessarily that oh I don’t I’m not good at this it’s just that you haven’t done it so get control over your topic by writing along you don’t write your thesis in the last two weeks I’ll get back to that break the task into managed manageable steps count on your advisers to understand your struggles we want you to succeed and then you can expect our help and you should expect our help and you should really ask us for your for our help set realistic goals and most important recognizes struggle for what it is it’s a learning experience you’re still in training and if you continue in school you’ll do a PhD and you’re still in training so accept that and and and the moment you accept that is easier to go down instead of saying oh I should know this no it’s the first time so how do we proceed with this the master’s thesis is the final assignment of the master’s course at EQ and what does it mean to be the final that means that you’re sure before it was written that you had to have at least 55 is a test point now it is that you have it has your final assignment meaning that you can take a course in parallel with it but you cannot start it before you’re at the very end of your coursework and then you find the subject area of interest in on-campus Nets you can find we put things in the folder for the civil engineering where I’ve writing the messages to you in that campus net group there are project catalogs but the different sections at DTU civil engineering also have their project catalogs that are more or less updated but give you an ID or what’s what people are doing and then you contact the supervisor within that area research it could be d2 civil engineering mechanical management environmental space what you know it could be any and discuss with the perspective supervisor if collaboration with the company is relevant or if you work in a company you can go that way and say I want to work and do something there and then you contact a DQ supervisor either way you always need to have a DQ supervisor so finding your project is a process so in my case if you you know I’m interested in fire safety so if you were were to be interested in fire safety you could say oh I’m interested in fire safety oh there’s a guy I took a class with him or her and say oh yeah this guy I wonder what he’s doing and then you can go into DTU orbit or something and look what I’m doing a lot of different things and then they say oh this this one is what I’m interested in our material flammability in microgravity yeah that that’s really sounds interesting and I saw this guy on the front of the DTU newspaper that project I want to be part of that and then you go it’s like a talk with me and you say oh well let me read a call a few things because the picture was really cool and the title sound cool but I don’t know really you know is this really something that I’m interested in to do so maybe took it take a look at the papers that are written or that seem relevant and then you go back in and because typically within that sphere the you’re gonna be working on a very small part of that again and and that’s how it goes you know so it goes from very global specific back and forth into identify a small problem and this is thanks to Jakob AG Johansen a former student who who also helped with this so how do you select the supervisor you know most of us want a great supervisor so why not take one that you think that you like or that you know that you like from courses or previous projects bachelors so on so forth you know good teachers professors that made an interesting talk interesting research area but keep in mind that the good teacher may not necessarily be a good researcher you know because scholastic aptitude and research aptitude are two different things you know look at their home page look into their research their publications their research group their previous supervision if this works you know then you can go in and and you see DTU here and it says publication project activity CV that you use you can see what’s going on with the supervisor to see whether they what they have going seems to be interesting or whether that was something that was just a perception on your side and how do you approach a potential supervisor well write an email knock on their door you know it’s a date process and and try to figure out the game but it’s not very difficult just open your mouth or or all right but when you write an email show that you have thought something about it don’t come in right to ten people like I need to write a thesis and I should preferably work starting tomorrow puts an intravenous thesis into here so that I could survive for the next half year on my ass you know be proactive be be inspired know to tell them who you are and where you know the supervisor from which courses have you taken and how did you apply how did it approximately go what do you want what do you want and to do and why do you ask this supervisor the supervisor yeah so the project start what kind of bachelor thesis did you write what kind of special course have you taken you know possibly ask do you have available projects or suggestions can we meet it’s okay to shop around but not too much and do not skip the project in the last moment that’s very bad for you but it’s also bad for a supervisor because they may do some planning it may be some arrangements financially preparing for things so it’s not great to two days before and say oh actually I talked with five people and now I wasted their time and I decided this guy at the last minute you know be open about you know you can be open that I’m that you’re looking but at some point try to narrow it down and that’s why as we will get back to that we have certain deadlines for this process due diligence you know do the research for the project selection it’s the project a part of a larger research project that’s typically a plus is it possible to be cool supervisor by PhD student that’s certainly very good because then you have somebody to work with you know directly is it realistic to write a scientific article that could be that you write something and go to a conference that’s a great experience it’s also fun it’s also a good way to see a part of the world typically by somebody paying for you to go to Korea or San Francisco or wherever the conference may be what kind of supervision can you expect you know be directs like are you too busy are you available can I get a separation from you how much how many students do supervisor have if it’s if he has 42 being number 43 may not be so ideal you know can you get some articles describing the portrait background are the necessary data in place and can you get them are there experimental rig and the needed equipment in material in place you know if you’re gonna do experiments ask to come and see the lab see what’s going on sometimes you will also dare say that that kind of that looks not like me you know the more you get into it you’ll sort of get a feel for for what is you and what is not you dos TT you have the neither program licenses if you’re doing numerical work it’s very important because it can take a long time or they can be exceedingly expensive and how much manual work is expected as I said it’s the report that matters so if you’re gonna go out and create two hundred and sixty-seven beams that takes you four and a half months to do how you’re gonna have time to write you know you’re not the labor we have support by technical assistant personnel that should be able to support you in building things in general so expect that and check that there are resources for that both financially and in in in ours and you can always also if you plan ahead you can write your thesis abroad probably a third of the students that I’ve supervised have written thesis in Australia UK the US and Norway so it is possible but it takes typically a bit more planning so what’s the timeline for all of this well clock is ticking if you’re gonna write in the fall you know because about three to six months before starting the project think about topics that you find interesting do you want to write with a company and typically no later than three months before anticipate starting date which is now with the new rules first of August so that means about this timeframe that you should establish contact with a relevant supervisor and then about one to two months before anticipate starting date start working on the project formulation find the starting date with your supervisor you know but now the nudity rules about starting dates it’s the first working day of January or the first working day of August so it’s very simple in that sense and if you have activities that are in parallel you can get an extension but those are by default two starting dates and that will by default give you an end date because there’s no vacation during the thing if you write a five easy test point course you will write if you write for 30 points it’s five months if you write two thirty two and a half points it’s five and a half months and if you write 35 points which are the three options you write for six months and the system will automatically give you the end date so there’s no fixing around on that and I expect you to go in and read the study database on the things the constraints the Lea you know the constraints of your education that are given by DTU for it and then about one month before the anticipated starting date submit the signed project registration form electronically and it’s written on the webpage the form is is available and Mariana is very happy to receive them and it’s also very happy to receive them when they’re ready and in due time because she cannot process sixty forms in one day and especially not the day before August first because she may be on vacation so keep in mind that one thing is you’re planning but it’s also you’re using a system that needs to assist you so the link is here the form has to be completed and approved before you start your project you not start your project before the project has go being complain and all of them go through me or through Christian where we look whether you know particularly some of the details Mariana look at technique technical things writing in English which is mandatory and and all some other things titles and so on so forth and Christian right try to look at the probe the problem identification to see whether this makes sense and technically what we most look at is where it falls within the education you’re in because we trust your supervisors to define a pro you know a proper project but sometimes it happens that somebody is like oh I want a right in their DTU environmental engineering about bird watching in the future and it was like well but you’re getting a degree in civil engineering I don’t think that topic will really fit with us giving granting your degree so so do all of these things no vacation English and describe it in detail you know tell us whether it’s going to be experimental numerical or theoretical because one thing you know telling us but if you don’t know the day you start whether it’s gonna be numerical or experimental that’s gonna delay your process you know and the project process learn about the topic literature search starter start a report from day one you know as a reference manager I sorry I if you don’t know how to use a reference manager the DTU library has courses on how to use this it’s very very beneficial to to use this write the introduction and problem statement very early and as you can find in the study database at at the latest three weeks after project start technically the rule says that your project statements should be put as it was written after a month should be included in your thesis and this is for you know you can say oh what is this another constraint but this is actually should be for your benefit because that can tell the external reader the sensor whether the project was poorly defined and and took you through turns and twists that were making it very difficult for you to work so see it can you know help you in in showing what you were told that you should do and what you’ve actually done and do not start coding Welding mixing experimenting before your problem statement is clearly written because then you’ll just do a lot of experiment a lot of manual work and not necessarily know whether it’s gonna pay off and the project completion it’ll be ups and downs you’ll have a good meeting and then afterwards or you prepare for meeting you have the meeting and then their supervisor tells you that yeah that doesn’t work and then you go back and you go up and up and then and then your PhD defense or your masters defense in this case and then you realize you just gave a 20-minute talk of three you know six months or five months of work and and there were only three plots presented that was actually not just introduction and pictures that you found related to the topic and you feel maybe uh but it is important to keep in mind there will be ups and downs so just prepare prepare for it and accept it and there’s a key thing it’s the importance of getting started and that is we’ll all be very resistant to doing something that we haven’t done before and we’ll listen and the supervisor tells you get started and you’re saying yeah and then you consider it and this is the Boyan and then you get to the willing to do doing and glad you did and you may continue to do but it’s you are in the center of this we can try to help you but we will not drag you in the ears to do your thesis as supervisors you’re you know adults and are expected to take care of this yourself but just earlier you start the better it is don’t do this classic you know this is the student knowledge and this is the project timeline in percent don’t do this studying for exam thing that where you the day before the exam you get all the knowledge you have and you get maybe you know possibly you get the good results but in this case try to do a different trajectory because so that you get to a high knowledge as quick as possible because refining this knowledge will be take some time but the key is also is this line here this is the supervisor buy and so on until you get to a certain level of knowledge and information it’s not going to be that interesting for your supervisor because they probably don’t similar projects before and they’re interested in something that can lead to a publication that can lead to new knowledge so you have to try to get to that point and the reward is if you get to that point you get longer time to discuss with your supervisor and you can for sure expect to get more and more of his or her time to discuss the project and a very important thing to remember the greatest solely based on your written work the report no matter how nice you are how much data you gather how much manual work you’re done it’s the documentation and written presentation of all that counts and in the end good planning gives a good result so that was all that that I had we will take questions Mariana is here also Goldman may or may not be here for for a few minutes if you don’t know pare hist Institute student and the study council the head of the study council at DTU big and and also Christian in the back it has been recorded we’ll share the slides so hopefully some of those details can can be used and if you have further questions don’t hesitate to contact us and as the last thing that I would say is obviously good luck in the process prepare well but also if you were to have a problem during the thesis that you feel is unfair something is unfair we are also there for you then contact us to discuss do you need extra time is something going on in your personal life or something going on something breaking down in in the lab where you need extra time or your needs at least somebody to talk with come and talk with us and but don’t wait until two days before the thesis is due because then it’s very tough for us to justify that you as a project leader of your master thesis have planned it we you know we’re not there to sign off something and and vouch you out we’re there to assist you so if you see something that may cause problems do contact us and we’ll do the best to steer you in to a successful completion so good luck

Writing a Personal Narrative: Writing a Draft for Kids

riding a personal narrative episode for writing a draft a personal narrative is a true story about your life you write about something that has happened to you a draft is the very first version of your story in your draft you tell the most important events in the order that they happened there are a few important things you should write in your draft first your drafts should include the important things that happened that relate to the main idea of your story if something is not interesting or important then you don’t need to write it your draft should also have transition words these words help the reader understand the order in which events happen we also use these words to link our ideas together some examples of these words are first then next after last and finally there are many more — you should choose ones that make sense and sound the best to you your draft should also have details that means you should use descriptive words and sentences that help the reader imagine your story in their mind anyone should be able to read your story and imagine exactly what happened this also makes your story more interesting and fun to read now I’m going to write my job here’s the plan I’ve already made for my story I decided I would write about when my mom told me I could get a dog we went to the store then we chose our dog and last we got food and toys for it on our way home I’ve already written my opening it says have you ever felt so happy you could cry that’s how I felt last summer when my mom told me I could get a dog I had wanted a dog for so long I couldn’t believe I was finally going to get one now I’m going to start writing the first page of my draft hmm first my mom came to my room to talk to me she told me since I had gotten good grades at school I could get a dog I was so excited I jumped up in the air did you see how I started with the transition word first this told the reader that this was the very first thing that happened I decided not to write that I was watching TV when my mom came in the room because that wasn’t a very important part of the story I also wrote I was so excited I jumped up in the air so the reader could imagine just how I felt when my mom told me okay now I will write my second page I’m going to start with a transition word then then we got in the car to drive to the store I couldn’t wait I smiled the whole way there when we pulled up I saw that the store had a lot of dogs that needed to be adopted can you picture in your mind what happened I hope so next page hmm when we got to the store I looked at all of the dogs they were all so cute all of the sudden one came up and licked my foot he was white and fluffy and so adorable I decided he was the dog or me now for my last page I am going to start with the word finally to tell the reader that this is the last thing that happened finally we put him in the car to take him home he was wagging his tail and sticking his tongue out on our way home we stopped to get him some toys booth and a collar that’s it I wrote my story in order I use transition words to connect all of my ideas I try to use details so you could imagine the story in your mind and since this is just my draft I can go back later and make it even better next I will write the very last page of my story check out episode 5 to see how I write a closing